How To Choose The Right Door Closers

One of the most important mechanisms fitted on your commercial doors is the door closers. Without a proper door closer, your doors could be shutting loudly and forcely. It leads to cause damage to the door and frame. Not closing at all lets valuable energy escape and compromises building security.

To ensure you’ve got the proper door closers installed, follow these basic tips before buying door closers.

Choosing door closers depends on many different factors. They must consider these things such as customer preference, manufacturer options, and building specifications.

Other factors to consider include:

  • Door size and weight

  • Location of door

  • Opening and closing frequency

  • Mounting location

  • Affordability

  • Backswing requirement


First of all, you need to answer these basic questions in order to narrow down your choices of door closers:

  • How volume of traffic are this entrance?

  • What is the size and weight of the door?

  • What are the backswing requirements?

  • Are you looking to install for an interior or exterior door?

  • What is your budget?

These will help you make a decision on which direction to start looking in.

Picture 1: HELEH 7200 Heavy-Duty Surface Applied Door Closers


Some door closers are better for high volume of traffic areas. A durable door closer is the overhead door closer – best used for medium to heavy volume of traffic. It can be used on either interior or exterior doors. They’re also the most common door closers on the market. There are three main types of overhead door closers, including:

  • Regular arm

Installed on the outside of the door, this type of door closer juts out from the door frame, never laying flush with the door. However, this is the most power-efficient choice available.

  • Parallel arm

With an arm that sits parallel with the door when closed, the parallel arm option are the most common in schools and commercial constructions. They minimize the opportunity to vandalize doorways but they’re not the most power-efficient.

  • Top jamb

If you’ve got a glass or aluminum door frame, choosing a top jamb door closer is pretty good. The spring loaded box which enables the door to close on its own is installed on the face of the doorframe.

Picture 2: HELEH 5100 Grade 1 Surface Applied Door Closers


If you work in a heavy traffic zone you may consider something a bit more heavy duty in which case a floor-spring or overhead spring closer would be more appropriate. This variety is invisible like the conventional overhead door closers. So if you care more about aesthetics this would also be a good option.

A floor-spring door closer is quite suitable for glass door storefront locations. Installed in the floor, the closer is located to the bottom of the door making it less visible. This variety will generally have an option to leave the door propped open and just provides a more sleek look to your entrance.


If you have automatic door openers, always remember this when choosing a door closer. Many automatic door openers own a closing mechanism of their own and installing more hardware on top of that may ruin your door.

Building codes will have an impact on the type of door closers you use. Every jurisdiction is different when it comes to building code requirements. Check with the common regulations which are used by your buildings or authority. Each of them will help you about code requirements.

Remember that just because your doors are now closing perfectly on their own that you still need to install locking mechanisms appropriate for your doors. The doors may be closing on their own but you’d like them to stay that way!

Picture 3: HELEH GM61X Floor-Concealed Door Closers


As a building constructor, all this can be overwhelming. It’s important to first consider building codes and traffic requirements before looking at the different options. The wrong choice can lead to the closer needing replacement in a short-period of time and also charges you money. As mentioned earlier, it’s important to choose ANSI Grade 1 closers for high volume doors. If it is a small interior office, Grade 2 door closers are acceptable and for closets, Grade 3 closers will work well.

Once the grade requirement is met, two factors of energy efficiency and aesthetics can be considered. Exterior facing doors not used for shipments could be left open far longer than needed leading to larger energy bills. In contrast, doors that automatically close too quickly that are used for shipments could lead to a productivity decline. The function of each door will change the type of door closer needed. One way to mitigate this potential problem would be to discuss the needs with advisors who would be working in the area.

If you’re interested in installing your doors with automatic door closers, contact a professional to ensure proper installment.